Images of Jones Act Tanker MT ‘Palmetto State’ in the Houston Ship Channel

Images of MT ‘Palmetto State’ Sailing Upstream in the Houston Ship Channel
Products & Chemicals Tanker, 48,600 DWT, built in 2017 at Gen. Dynamics NASSCO, USA


MT ‘Palmetto State’ is a Jones Act Products and Chemicals Tanker, qualified in the cabotage trade within territorial national waters; Jones Act vessels have to be a) built in the United States, b) owned by U.S.-citizens and c) crewed by U.S.-citizens. The estimated replacement cost of a Jones Act Products & Chemicals Tanker, similar to MT ‘Palmetto State’ is an estimated $140 mil in 2018. MT ‘Palmetto State’ was built in the General Dynamics NASSCO shipyard in San Diego, CA. There is nome more shipbuilder in the USA capable of building similar vessels, the Aker Philadelphia Shipyard in Philadelphia, PA. We had the opportunity to photograph MT ‘Ohio’ (similar tanker but built at Aker Philadelphia) in New Orleans, LA in December 2015.


 VESSEL IDENTIFICATION & DESCRIPTION: Launch Name was Palmetto State. Handy Tanker, Call Sign KPSJ, IMO Number 9747584. Built at Gen. Dynamics NASSCO, Double Hull, United States Flagged, ABS Classed, Length Overall of 185.95 m., Length Between Perpendiculars of 178.00 m., Draught of 12.80 m., Beam of 32.00 m., 56.70 Tonnes per Centimeter Immersion, Gross Tonnage of 29,525, ECO 50K PRODUCT, MAN B. & W. Engine, Speed of 14.50 kts, Heavy Fuel Oil, Horsepower of 9,925.

VESSEL OWNERS & MANAGERS: American Petroleum Tankers LLC, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. American Petroleum Tankers LLC is a subsidiary of Kinder Morgan.

CARGO HANDLING DETAILS: Cargo Capacity of 51,225 cu.m., Segregated Ballast Tanks, 12 Tanks, 12 Pumps with a total Capacity of 14,400 cu.m., Epoxy Tank Coating, IMO Class 3, Heat Exchangers, Maximum heating capacity of 66 degrees Celsius, 6 Cargo Separations. 6 Cargo Manifolds, Closed Loading System, Manifold height above deck of 1.80 m., Distance from bow to centre manifold is 89.96 m., 12 Centrifugal Pump(s), Maximum operating capacity of cargo pumps is 14,400 t/hr, Crude Oil Washing.

OTHER DETAILS:  1 x Boiler, Oil/Gas fired – Kangrim – PB0301AS18, 1 x Boiler, Composite – Kangrim, 1 x Screw Shaft.  2 x BWTS – Ballast Water Treatment System – TechCross ECS-600 – Electro-Cleen™ at 600cu.m/hr, 2 x BWTS – Ballast Water Treatment System – TechCross ECS-150 – Electro-Cleen™ at 150cu.m/hr, 1 x BWTS – Ballast Water Treatment System – TechCross ECS-450 – Electro-Cleen™ at 450cu.m/hr.

LIFTING EQUIPMENT: 2 x Cranes SWL 4 tons, 1 x Crane Hose SWL 10 tons, 1 x Gantry, No Cargo Gear.

MAIN ENGINE, AUXILLIARIES & PROPULSION:
MAIN ENGINE is designed to be LNG ready. 1 x Diesel – MAN B. & W. 6G50ME-B9.3 – 2-stroke 6-cyl. 500mm x2500mm bore/stroke 7,300mkW total at 88.50rpm.

AUXILIARIES:  3 x Aux. Diesel Gen – MAN Diesel & Turbo4-stroke driving 3 x Hyundai Electric HFJ7 568-08P – AC generator(s) at 3,000ekW total, (3,750kVA total).

PROPULSION: 1 x FP Propeller (Aft Centre) (mechanical) (Ni-Al Bronze), Samwoo, 100rpm.

Built in the USA, products / chemicals tanker MT ‘Palmetto State’ sailing upstream in the Houston Ship Channel; photographed here again that rising hot sun in Houston in April. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Built in the USA, products / chemicals tanker MT ‘Palmetto State’ sailing upstream in the Houston Ship Channel; photographed here again that rising hot sun in Houston in April. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Built in the USA, products / chemicals tanker MT ‘Palmetto State’ sailing upstream in the Houston Ship Channel; photographed here again that rising hot sun in Houston in April. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Built in the USA, products / chemicals tanker MT ‘Palmetto State’ sailing upstream in the Houston Ship Channel; photographed here again that rising hot sun in Houston in April. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Built in the USA, products / chemicals tanker MT ‘Palmetto State’ sailing upstream in the Houston Ship Channel; photographed here again that rising hot sun in Houston in April. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Built in the USA, products / chemicals tanker MT ‘Palmetto State’ sailing upstream in the Houston Ship Channel; photographed here again that rising hot sun in Houston in April. Portside bow detail. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Built in the USA, products / chemicals tanker MT ‘Palmetto State’ sailing upstream in the Houston Ship Channel; photographed here again that rising hot sun in Houston in April. Portside amidships detail with view of the cargo manifold. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Built in the USA, products / chemicals tanker MT ‘Palmetto State’ sailing upstream in the Houston Ship Channel; photographed here again that rising hot sun in Houston in April. Portside view of the accommodation and stern. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Built in the USA, products / chemicals tanker MT ‘Palmetto State’ sailing upstream in the Houston Ship Channel; photographed here again that rising hot sun in Houston in April. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Built in the USA, products / chemicals tanker MT ‘Palmetto State’ sailing upstream in the Houston Ship Channel. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Built in the USA, products / chemicals tanker MT ‘Palmetto State’ sailing upstream in the Houston Ship Channel. Portside accommodation and stern view. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Built in the USA, products / chemicals tanker MT ‘Palmetto State’ sailing upstream in the Houston Ship Channel. Portside accommodation and stern view. Panamax bulker MV ‘Sage Amazon’ in the background. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Built in the USA, products / chemicals tanker MT ‘Palmetto State’ sailing upstream in the Houston Ship Channel. Portside accommodation and stern view. Panamax bulker MV ‘Sage Amazon’ moored and loading grains. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Built in the USA, products / chemicals tanker MT ‘Palmetto State’ sailing upstream in the Houston Ship Channel. Portside accommodation and stern view. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Another picture of the bow and forward portside section of products / chemicals tanker MT ‘Palmetto State’ sailing upstream in the Houston Ship Channel. Portside accommodation and stern view. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Another picture of the smokestack, accommodation and stern products / chemicals tanker MT ‘Palmetto State’ sailing upstream in the Houston Ship Channel. Portside accommodation and stern view. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Built in the USA, products / chemicals tanker MT ‘Palmetto State’ sailing upstream in the Houston Ship Channel. Portside accommodation and stern view. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Built in the USA, products / chemicals tanker MT ‘Palmetto State’ sailing upstream in the Houston Ship Channel. Portside accommodation and stern view. Image credit: Karatzas Images

© 2013 – present Basil M Karatzas & Karatzas Marine Advisors & Co.  All Rights Reserved.

IMPORTANT DISCLAIMERS:  Vessel description is provided in good faith and is believed to be correct and accurate but no assurances, warranties or representations are made herewith. Vessel description is provided for entertainment  purposes only. We have no responsibility whatsoever for any errors / omissions in vessel description.

Access to this blog signifies the reader’s irrevocable acceptance of this disclaimer. No part of this blog can be reproduced by any means and under any circumstances, whatsoever, in whole or in part, without proper attribution or the consent of the copyright and trademark holders of this website. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure that information herewithin has been received from sources believed to be reliable and such information is believed to be accurate at the time of publishing, no warranties or assurances whatsoever are made in reference to accuracy or completeness of said information, and no liability whatsoever will be accepted for taking or failing to take any action upon any information contained in any part of this website.  Thank you for the consideration.

Images of FV ‘Atun Sta’ Departing the Majuro Lagoon, Marshall Islands

Images of FV ‘Atun Sta’ Departing the Majuro Lagoon, Marshall Islands
Pelagic Purse Seiner Tuna Fishing Vessel

Vessel Type: Tuna purse seiner

Flag:  Papua New Guinea

Reg Port:  Port Moresby

Registration Number:  001476

IMO-LR: 8996097

Owner Name: OCEAN LUCKY LIMITED

Owner Address: PAPUA NEW GUINEA

Built in Country:  Chinese Taipei

Built in Year: 2003

Crew:  40

Length Overall: 89.21 meters

Moulded Depth: 8.74 meters

Beam: 14.32 meters

Tonnage GRT: 2386.00

Engine Power: 3355 KW

Freezer Types: Brine Hold

Freezing Capacity: No.3(P) 62.1; No.3(S) 62.1; No.4(P) 77.14; No.4(S) 77.14; No.5(P) 89.81; No.5(S) 89.81; No.6(P) 99.73; No.6(s) 99.73; No.7(P) 107.09; No.7(S) 109.09; No.8(P) 112.25; No.8(s) 112.25; No.9(P) 114.95; No.9(S) 114.95; No.10(P) 128.60; No.10(S) 128.60; No.11(P)97.12; No.11(s)97.12

Number of Freezers: 18

FishHold Capacity: 1777 cu.m

Up-close picture of purse seiner fishing vessel FV ‘Atun Sta’ (along with helicopter, fishing net and skiff onboard) in an incredibly calm Majuro Lagoon. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Up-close picture of purse seiner fishing vessel FV ‘Atun Sta’ (along with helicopter, fishing net and skiff onboard) in an incredibly calm Majuro Lagoon. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Detail of the bow of the purse seiner fishing vessel FV ‘Atun Sta’ (along with helicopter onboard) in an incredibly calm Majuro Lagoon. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Detail of the stern purse seiner fishing vessel FV ‘Atun Sta’ (along with fishing net and skiff onboard) in an incredibly calm Majuro Lagoon. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Up-close picture of purse seiner fishing vessel FV ‘Atun Sta’ (along with helicopter, fishing net and skiff onboard) in an incredibly calm Majuro Lagoon. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Up-close picture of purse seiner fishing vessel FV ‘Atun Sta’ (along with helicopter, fishing net and skiff onboard) in an incredibly calm Majuro Lagoon. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Pilot aboard! Up-close picture of purse seiner fishing vessel FV ‘Atun Sta’ (along with helicopter, fishing net and skiff onboard) in an incredibly calm Majuro Lagoon. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Up-close picture of purse seiner fishing vessel FV ‘Atun Sta’ (along with helicopter, fishing net and skiff onboard) in an incredibly calm Majuro Lagoon. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Up-close picture of purse seiner fishing vessel FV ‘Atun Sta’ (along with helicopter, fishing net and skiff onboard) in an incredibly calm Majuro Lagoon. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Purse seiner fishing vessel FV ‘Atun Sta’ (along with helicopter, fishing net and skiff onboard) departing an incredibly calm Majuro Lagoon for another fishing trip. May you have a great voyage and plentiful catch! Image credit: Karatzas Images

Purse seiner fishing vessel FV ‘Atun Sta’ (along with helicopter, fishing net and skiff onboard) departing an incredibly calm Majuro Lagoon for another fishing trip. May you have a great voyage and plentiful catch! Image credit: Karatzas Images

Purse seiner fishing vessel FV ‘Atun Sta’ (along with helicopter, fishing net and skiff onboard) departing an incredibly calm Majuro Lagoon for another fishing trip. May you have a great voyage and plentiful catch! Image credit: Karatzas Images

Purse seiner fishing vessel FV ‘Atun Sta’ (along with helicopter, fishing net and skiff onboard) departing an incredibly calm Majuro Lagoon for another fishing trip. May you have a great voyage and plentiful catch! Image credit: Karatzas Images

Purse seiner fishing vessel FV ‘Atun Sta’ (along with helicopter, fishing net and skiff onboard) departing an incredibly calm Majuro Lagoon for another fishing trip. May you have a great voyage and plentiful catch! Image credit: Karatzas Images

Purse seiner fishing vessel FV ‘Atun Sta’ (along with helicopter, fishing net and skiff onboard) departing an incredibly calm Majuro Lagoon for another fishing trip. May you have a great voyage and plentiful catch! Image credit: Karatzas Images

Purse seiner fishing vessel FV ‘Atun Sta’ (along with helicopter, fishing net and skiff onboard) departing an incredibly calm Majuro Lagoon for another fishing trip. May you have a great voyage and plentiful catch! Image credit: Karatzas Images

Purse seiner fishing vessel FV ‘Atun Sta’ (along with helicopter, fishing net and skiff onboard) departing an incredibly calm Majuro Lagoon for another fishing trip. May you have a great voyage and plentiful catch! Image credit: Karatzas Images

© 2013 – present Basil M Karatzas & Karatzas Marine Advisors & Co.  All Rights Reserved.

IMPORTANT DISCLAIMERS:  Vessel description is provided in good faith and is believed to be correct and accurate but no assurances, warranties or representations are made herewith. Vessel description is provided for entertainment  purposes only. We have no responsibility whatsoever for any errors / omissions in vessel description.

Access to this blog signifies the reader’s irrevocable acceptance of this disclaimer. No part of this blog can be reproduced by any means and under any circumstances, whatsoever, in whole or in part, without proper attribution or the consent of the copyright and trademark holders of this website. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure that information herewithin has been received from sources believed to be reliable and such information is believed to be accurate at the time of publishing, no warranties or assurances whatsoever are made in reference to accuracy or completeness of said information, and no liability whatsoever will be accepted for taking or failing to take any action upon any information contained in any part of this website.  Thank you for the consideration.

Images of Car-Carrier Vessel MV ‘Grand Pioneer’ in New York Harbor

Images of Car-Carrier Vessel MV ‘Grand Pioneer’ with Statue of Liberty, One World Trade Center and the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge
Pure Car-Carrier (PCC) Vessel 6,400-ceu, built in 2002 at Shin Kurushima

VESSEL’S DESCRIPTION & IDENTIFICATION: Launch Name was Grand Pioneer. Call Sign HOBN, IMO Number 9247572. Built at Shin Kurushima, Panama Flagged, Korean Classed, Length Overall of 199.50 m., Length Between Perpendiculars of 192.85 m., Draught of 9.60 m., Moulded Depth of 14.60 m., Beam of 32.25 m., Gross Tonnage of 58,945, Tonnage of 17,685 International Net and 18,818 Dwt (long).

VESSEL’S OWNERS & MANAGERS: Cido Shipping (HK) Co Ltd, Hong Kong, Hong Kong.  Technical Manager: Cido Shipping (Korea) Ltd, South Korea. Registered Owner: Dynamic Carrier Shipping S.A.

CARGO HANDLING DETAILS: Vehicle Capacity of 6,400 Cars, 13 Vehicle Decks, 1 Stern Ramp(s) with a maximum load of 150 tonnes, 2 Side Ramp(s) with a maximum load of 35 tonnes.

ENGINES & PROPULSION:
MAIN ENGINE:  1 x Diesel – Mitsubishi 8UEC60LS – 2-stroke 8-cyl. 600mm x2200mm bore/stroke 14,161mkW total at 100rpm. Mitsubishi Engine, Speed of 20.75 kts, Heavy Fuel Oil, Horsepower of 19,253, Bunker Capacity of 1,757 IFO 380.

PROPULSOR: 1 x CP Propeller (Aft Centre) (mechanical), 100rpm.

Car-Carrier MV ‘Grand Pioneer’ departing the Port of New York. Seen here with the Statue of Liberty (right corner). Image credit: Karatzas Images

Car-Carrier MV ‘Grand Pioneer’ departing the Port of New York. Seen here with the Statue of Liberty (left corner). Image credit: Karatzas Images

Car-Carrier MV ‘Grand Pioneer’ departing the Port of New York. Seen here with the Statue of Liberty (left corner). Image credit: Karatzas Images

Car-Carrier MV ‘Grand Pioneer’ departing the Port of New York. Seen here in the Upper New York Harbor. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Car-Carrier MV ‘Grand Pioneer’ departing the Port of New York. Seen here in the Upper New York Harbor. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Car-Carrier MV ‘Grand Pioneer’ departing the Port of New York. Seen here in the Upper New York Harbor with the Lower Manhattan skyline and One World Trade Center. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Car-Carrier MV ‘Grand Pioneer’ departing the Port of New York. Seen here in the Upper New York Harbor with the Lower Manhattan skyline and One World Trade Center. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Car-Carrier MV ‘Grand Pioneer’ departing the Port of New York. Seen here in the Upper New York Harbor with the Lower Manhattan skyline and One World Trade Center. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Car-Carrier MV ‘Grand Pioneer’ departing the Port of New York. Seen here in the Upper New York Harbor with the Lower Manhattan skyline and One World Trade Center. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Car-Carrier MV ‘Grand Pioneer’ departing the Port of New York. Seen here in the Upper New York Harbor with the Lower Manhattan skyline and One World Trade Center. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Car-Carrier MV ‘Grand Pioneer’ departing the Port of New York. Seen here in the Upper New York Harbor with the Lower Manhattan skyline and One World Trade Center. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Car-Carrier MV ‘Grand Pioneer’ departing the Port of New York. Seen here in the Upper New York Harbor with the Lower Manhattan skyline. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Car-Carrier MV ‘Grand Pioneer’ departing the Port of New York. Seen here in the Upper New York Harbor with Brooklyn in the background. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Car-Carrier MV ‘Grand Pioneer’ departing the Port of New York. Seen here with the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Car-Carrier MV ‘Grand Pioneer’ departing the Port of New York. Seen here with the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Car-Carrier MV ‘Grand Pioneer’ departing the Port of New York. Seen here with the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge. Image credit: Karatzas Images

© 2013 – present Basil M Karatzas & Karatzas Marine Advisors & Co.  All Rights Reserved.

IMPORTANT DISCLAIMERS:  Vessel description is provided in good faith and is believed to be correct and accurate but no assurances, warranties or representations are made herewith. Vessel description is provided for entertainment  purposes only. We have no responsibility whatsoever for any errors / omissions in vessel description.

Access to this blog signifies the reader’s irrevocable acceptance of this disclaimer. No part of this blog can be reproduced by any means and under any circumstances, whatsoever, in whole or in part, without proper attribution or the consent of the copyright and trademark holders of this website. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure that information herewithin has been received from sources believed to be reliable and such information is believed to be accurate at the time of publishing, no warranties or assurances whatsoever are made in reference to accuracy or completeness of said information, and no liability whatsoever will be accepted for taking or failing to take any action upon any information contained in any part of this website.  Thank you for the consideration.

Aframax Tanker MT ‘HS Carmen’ at Anchor in New York Harbor

Images of Aframax Tanker MT ‘HS Carmen’ “Swinging Around Her Hook”
Aframax Tanker 113,000 DWT built in 2003 at Hyundai Samho HI

VESSEL DESCRIPTION & IDENTIFICATION: Ex-name is Avor. Launch Name was Avor. Aframax Tanker, Call Sign A8KD6, IMO Number 9242120. Built at Hyundai Samho HI, Double Hull, Liberia Flagged, DNV Classed, Length Overall of 250.00 m., Length Between Perpendiculars of 239.00 m., Draught of 14.60 m., Moulded Depth of 21.00 m. Beam of 44.00 m., 98.40 Tonnes per Centimeter Immersion, Gross Tonnage of 62,250, Tonnage of 63,585 Suez Canal Net, 33,873 International Net, 18,054 Light Displacement and 111,248 Dwt (long).

VESSEL’S ONWERS / MANAGERS: Hansa Shipping GmbH & Co KG, Germany. Hansa Shipping GmbH & Co KG is a subsidiary of Hansa Treuhand Schiffsbeteiligungs AG & Co. Technical Manager: V. Ships (Germany) GmbH, Germany. Registered Owner: Schiffahrts-Gesellschaft “HS Carmen” mbH & Co. KG.

CARGO HANDLING CAPACITIES: Cargo Capacities of 123,800 cu.m. and 779,000 Barrels, Segregated Ballast Tanks, 12 Tanks, 3 Pumps with a total Capacity of 9,000 cu.m., 3 Cargo Manifolds, Stern Discharge, Closed Loading System, Cargo connections have diameters of 16 inches, Heating Coils, Maximum heating capacity of 66 degrees Celsius.

MAIN ENGINE: 1 x Diesel – MAN B. & W. 7S60MC6.1 – 2-stroke 7-cyl. 600mm x2292mm bore/stroke 14,313mkW total at 105rpm.

PROPULSION: 1 x FP Propeller (Aft Centre) (mechanical), 105rpm.

Aframax Tanker MT ‘HS Carmen’ at anchor in Upper New York Harbor; products tanker MT ‘Maritime Vanessa’ seeing at anchor (red vessel to the left) and cruiseship MS ‘Anthem of the Seas’ at the dock. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Aframax Tanker MT ‘HS Carmen’ at anchor in Upper New York Harbor. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Aframax Tanker MT ‘HS Carmen’ at anchor in Upper New York Harbor. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Aframax Tanker MT ‘HS Carmen’ at anchor in Upper New York Harbor. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Aframax Tanker MT ‘HS Carmen’ at anchor in Upper New York Harbor and the Lower Manhattan skyline. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Aframax Tanker MT ‘HS Carmen’ at anchor in Upper New York Harbor. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Aframax Tanker MT ‘HS Carmen’ at anchor in Upper New York Harbor; cruiseship MS ‘Anthem of the Seas’ departing the dock. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Aframax Tanker MT ‘HS Carmen’ at anchor in Upper New York Harbor; cruiseship MS ‘Anthem of the Seas’ departing the dock; containership MV ‘MSC Nora’ inbound; Statue of Liberty clearly visible. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Aframax Tanker MT ‘HS Carmen’ at anchor in Upper New York Harbor; cruiseship MS ‘Anthem of the Seas’ against the Lower Manhattan skyline. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Aframax Tanker MT ‘HS Carmen’ at anchor in Upper New York Harbor; containership MV ‘MOL Glide’ inbound seeing against Lower Manhattan skyline. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Aframax Tanker MT ‘HS Carmen’ at anchor in Upper New York Harbor; containership MV ‘MOL Glide’ inbound the New York Harbor. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Aframax Tanker MT ‘HS Carmen’ at anchor in Upper New York Harbor and against the Lower Manhattan skyline. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Aframax Tanker MT ‘HS Carmen’ at anchor in Upper New York Harbor at dusk. Image credit: Karatzas Images

Aframax Tanker MT ‘HS Carmen’ at anchor in Upper New York Harbor at dusk; containership MV ‘Maersk Nora’ inbound. Statue of Liberty clearly visible. Image credit: Karatzas Images

© 2013 – present Basil M Karatzas & Karatzas Marine Advisors & Co.  All Rights Reserved.

Should one finds our pictures of interest, a license to copy, reproduce, download or obtain prints of these images can be secured via our commercial website at www.karatzas.nyc 

IMPORTANT DISCLAIMERS:  Vessel description is provided in good faith and is believed to be correct and accurate but no assurances, warranties or representations are made herewith. Vessel description is provided for entertainment  purposes only. We have no responsibility whatsoever for any errors / omissions in vessel description.

Access to this blog signifies the reader’s irrevocable acceptance of this disclaimer. No part of this blog can be reproduced by any means and under any circumstances, whatsoever, in whole or in part, without proper attribution or the consent of the copyright and trademark holders of this website. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure that information herewithin has been received from sources believed to be reliable and such information is believed to be accurate at the time of publishing, no warranties or assurances whatsoever are made in reference to accuracy or completeness of said information, and no liability whatsoever will be accepted for taking or failing to take any action upon any information contained in any part of this website.  Thank you for the consideration.